Because of work or hobbies, do you spend a lot of time in a sitting position, or do you exercise a lot in the gym? Everything was fine before, but now you often have back and back pain? So maybe you must see a doctor for help? What Causes Back Pain? Which doctor should I go to and how to deal with the pain? We will discuss this and more later in the article.
What causes pain?
So, "What to do if your back hurts and what can cause it? ", Let’s take a closer look at this question. There may be more than enough reasons. The fact is that back and back pain can signal a number of diseases, both the spine itself and also the internal organs. This is due to the fact that many of the nerve endings that surround all internal organs depart from the spine. Thus, according to the localization of pain in a particular area of the ridge, we can discuss some specific diseases.
The cause of its occurrence
What does lower back pain say and which doctor should I contact? Both habit and disease can cause pain in the lower back. The first is:
- Regular non -permanent work. IT employees and drivers are at risk.
- Standing work continues.
- Regular physical activity. Athletes, especially weightlifters, are at risk.
- Non -settled lifestyle.
- Separate risk groups include pregnant women and women who have just given birth.
As you can see, everything is easy with habit. For the latter case, often the pain in the lumbar region is caused by the disease. Here you can also highlight the disease of the spine itself and diseases where pain in the lumbar region is just a symptom. The first includes osteochondrosis, spondyloarthrosis, intervertebral hernia and protrusion.
The second group contains the following possible causes of back pain:
- Ridge rupture due to trauma.
- Fractures caused by osteoporosis.
- The tumor is localized in the spinal canal.
- Prolonged muscle tension.
- Narrow structure of the spinal canal (rather rare).
- Various complications during pregnancy.
- Various arthritis such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis.
- Spinal deformities, for example, kyphosis, scoliosis, Scheuermann-Mau disease, kyphoscoliosis.
- Spinal tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, discitis.
- Urolithiasis, pyelonephritis.
- Ovarian cancer, endometriosis, ovarian cysts.
When must you see a doctor?
Mild pain in the back, which passes quickly and is the result of prolonged activity, is common. But if the lower back hurts for quite a long time or the pain is periodic, then it arises by itself, then disappears, then it is necessary to sound the alarm. You also need to go to the hospital immediately after suffering a severe back injury. It should be understood that lower back pain can be accompanied by pain in the legs or lower legs. Also, the legs or buttocks can become numb. In this case, you have something serious and should be checked as soon as possible.
You yourself are unlikely to diagnose yourself, so you should go to the hospital, but which doctor should you go to? Someone will say to a chiropractor, and someone will say that a neurologist is more experienced. Both options are correct, but it is more appropriate to refer to a neurologist, as he or she is the one who can set and carry out the entire diagnosis of the disease. And in this case, the cause will be identified more accurately and there is a chance to successfully overcome it. Therefore, based on the point of view of a neurologist, with pain in the lower back, based on the intensity and intensity of the pain, you can roughly determine the cause of its occurrence.
Acute lower back pain in men and women is the result of a recent injury (fall, muscle tension, shock, sudden movements). The reason, may be long -term work in an uncomfortable position or prolonged carrying and lifting of heavy objects. And, finally, do not forget about back pain, due to hypothermia or prolonged exposure to drafts. Here you can treat back pain easily with folk remedies.
Lumbago and intervertebral disc displacement can be distinguished separately from normal discs. The first disease is suffered by people whose field of activity involves constant physical hard work, which is why the lower back hurts in men. According to society, this disease is called "lumbago". Usually stopped with a break or after a few days. Still, it can take up to a month easily, so requires at least treatment at home for back pain.
Acute and severe girdle pain in the lower back also manifests itself when the intervertebral disc moves. The disease can be caused by a variety of injuries, hard labor or diseases such as osteochondrosis. You will not be able to undergo medical treatment at home. Requires hospitalization and full diagnostics. It can even be done as far as surgical intervention.
Severe pain differs from severe pain in that it is a more prolonged disease and is a consequence of several types of diseases related to the musculoskeletal system. These include sciatica and osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. With them, low back pain in the lower back is felt during sneezing, coughing, sitting, walking, in other words, back pain during movement. Also, pain can be given to the lower part of the legs and they can also be numb. Here there is no need to run anymore, but fly to the attending doctor for an examination.
As a rule, the back can ache due to strong tension of the spinal muscles. You can relieve back pain by just resting for a few hours. But you can not fly in the clouds, you have to be careful, because your back can hurt from severe hypothermia. Thus, more chronic myositis, in which the psoas muscle becomes inflamed, can develop. In this case, it takes a few days of rest, as well as knowing how to get rid of the pain.
Often caused by spondylosis deformans. The main symptom of this disease is girdle pain in the lower back that radiates to the back or legs. Numbness in the lower legs can also occur. Other diseases that cause similar symptoms include: cancer, disturbed metabolism, ankylosing spondylitis.
The painful sensation is not the result of back disease, but the result of disease of several organs entering the back area. These include diseases of the pelvic organs in men and women, as well as diseases of the large intestine, kidneys, pancreas and various types of tumors.
How is treatment carried out?
So how to get rid of lower back pain? First, you should go to the hospital and make an appointment with a specialist for an examination. After the examination, the attending physician should send you for an examination to confirm or rule out a diagnosis he or she suspects. To find out the possibilities, you may be sent to do an x-ray of your spine. Today, a more advanced method is used, called myelography.
This method allows you to examine in detail the pathways leading to the spinal cord. Reveals all pathologies in the event of a decrease in pathway patency. Be aware that before the X-ray, you will be injected into the spinal cord with a syringe with xenon material, which will highlight everything in the picture. This method is quite expensive, but very effective and almost always helps to find out why your back hurts. In addition, MRI, ultrasound, ECG and CT may be prescribed. In additional cases, other tests may be needed, such as a complete blood count, etc.
In most cases, medications are very good for back pain. This aims to relieve pain, eliminate and further prevent inflammatory processes, improve blood circulation and renew damaged tissue. So, once we find out why the lower back hurts, we get an overview of how to treat back pain.
Conventionally, all treatments can be divided into 3 stages, namely: the beginning of treatment, the treatment itself and the end of therapy. At each stage, the drug can act as a dropper, also in the form of blockages and injections. Treatment of lower back pain in the first stage should eliminate the pain itself, reduce swelling and inflammation, relieve cramps and relax muscles. In the second stage, you need to completely get rid of the cause of the disease. Here, treatment is carried out mostly locally. Ointments, mixtures for compresses are used. In addition, physiotherapy is recommended.
The third stage consists of injections, which enhance the regrowth of damaged tissue and nourish it with all the necessary components. Thus, the segment function is fully restored. At all levels, the choice of medication and therapy depends on your diagnosis and the choice of the attending physician. Self-medication is strongly discouraged.
Once the cause of the pain is accurately identified, treatment can be done using physiotherapy methods. Based on their reasons, the following treatment methods can be distinguished:
- Laser therapy.
- Exposure to electric current, etc.
Physical therapy is more focused on how to treat back pain in the early stages. In the later stages of the disease, it can be recommended as an additional method of treatment. The therapy you need is only prescribed by the attending physician after the examination.
In most cases, back pain does not require surgery. However, if you experience pain for a long time and over time they only get worse, and you firmly refuse to see a doctor, then this method of treatment is also possible. In this case, most likely, general anesthesia will be used, in which a lithic mixture is used, to completely paralyze the patient. The operation plan itself will be developed by the surgeon based on diagnostic data.
For the question "How to relieve lower back pain? " Traditional medicine can also answer. Here, depending on how strong the pain symptoms are, various ointments, lotions, etc. can be used. The main focus of the drug is to relieve pain and inflammation. In most cases, treatment of the lower back with folk remedies justifies itself only as first aid. With prolonged self -treatment, without knowing the root cause of the pain, the disease can worsen. Next, some folk remedies.
- A compress of grated radish and radish mixed with sour cream is placed on the sore area of the lower back. From above, these are all covered with paper napkins, and the entire lower back is tied with a scarf. Such compresses can relieve pain symptoms and relieve muscle spasms.
- When your back hurts, hot compresses from an infusion prepared with a mixture of medication injury will help. These include thyme, chamomile, St. John's wort. John's wort, and black elderberry. Compresses are used at night. The affected area is wrapped with a warm cloth. It is best to do the treatment at night. Similar compresses are prepared from the infusion of dried burdock leaves.
- Other treatments with folk remedies are based on the healing properties of horse chestnuts. First you need to grind the chestnuts into a powder. Then mixed with camphor oil and melted lard. The ingredients are given in almost equal amounts. The resulting ointment is spread on a slice of black bread and rubbed on the aching back as a compress. Such drugs can improve blood circulation, have nutritional and anti-inflammatory properties.
But remember, no matter how well the folk remedy shows it, still need to see a doctor. However, self -treatment is always done at your own risk and peril. In addition, it turns out that the treatment procedure only brings short -term relief, after which the pain will increase.
When the back hurts in the lumbar region, it is too late to do prevention. But in order not to face such a problem for as long as possible, you need to think about how to prevent it and what causes it? It has been explained above that people who lead inactive or inactive lifestyles, athletes, especially weightlifters and overweight people are at risk.
Therefore, the best disease prevention is mandatory morning exercises, sports, therapeutic exercises, reducing the load on the back, massage, dietary control, and others. Also, to get rid of what can cause lower back pain, regularly scheduled checkups with those doctors will help.
What to do if the lower back hurts badly, and far to the hospital? How to relieve back pain quickly to wait for the doctor? To do this, you need to know some first aid methods. Of course, they will not have a healing effect, but they will help relieve pain. So we do everything in stages:
- We lay on our backs, on a hard bed or on the floor. Blankets must be removed from the bed.
- At the same time, the legs are lifted and bent at the knees. For greater convenience, place a rolled -up pillow or blanket under the raised leg.
- We take the usual doses of painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs that we have.
- We lay down and tried not to make sudden movements.
- During the procedure, do not forget to call the doctor at home.
- In most cases, you need rest and rest in bed for the next few days. After a doctor’s visit, call work and tell your supervisor.
- Try to avoid spicy and smoky foods during and after treatment.