How to treat osteochondrosis of the spine

The spine is the spine of a person. He bears the burden of walking. Abrasions occur faster than other parts of the body. A sedentary and inactive lifestyle exacerbates the situation. The cause of the incident is unknown, there are a group of risk factors.

Before treating osteochondrosis, you should consult a doctor who will conduct an examination and make a diagnosis. If you follow the doctor's instructions, a positive result is guaranteed.

Symptoms of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is a lesion of the intervertebral disc, characterized by destruction. The disease affects one or more discs. Symptoms and treatment are interrelated. According to the symptoms, the types of disease are distinguished:

  1. Pain in the arms, shoulders, headache with the appearance of tinnitus, dizziness, colored spots, chills in front of the eyes with cervical osteochondrosis. Occurs in 25% of cases.
  2. Chest pain, numbness, pain in the heart, abdomen, and other organs are signs of damage to the thoracic region. Diagnosis in 13% of cases.
  3. Pain in the lower back, legs, groin, impaired sensitivity in the lower legs, pelvic organs - osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral region. Common species - 50% of cases.
  4. Pain in some parts of the spine is a common osteochondrosis.
The focus of spinal osteochondrosis

Pain is considered a determining factor, there is numbness in the limbs, pain, tingling. Unpleasant manifestations are muscle spasms, stiffness of movement, pain that occurs with sudden movements, sneezing, coughing.

Based on the symptoms, the doctor makes an initial diagnosis, prescribes special procedures for hardware research - x -rays, tomography, MRI. This is how to make an accurate diagnosis, determine the presence of concomitant diseases - protrusions, intervertebral hernias.

Symptoms often indicate the final stages of disease development, when surgery is required. Treatment aims to eliminate pain, stop the progression of the disease.

Conservative treatment

Treatment for patients is prescribed by the attending physician, a council of physicians in difficult cases. Extensive conservative treatment - methods of treatment from various fields of medicine. Conservative treatment of spinal osteochondrosis includes recreational activities:

  • Therapeutic exercises - restore mobility of the spine, disease prevention.
  • Manual therapy is a way to relieve muscle spasms, improve blood circulation, and metabolic processes.
  • Reflexology is a way to relieve muscle spasms, stimulating the production of substances that inhibit the inflammatory process.
  • Underwater hydromassage. Water sports unload the spine, heal.
  • Traction treatment is a set of techniques that stretch the spine, reducing pressure on the discs and nerve endings.
  • Ultrasound, laser therapy, electro-, magneto-, vibrostimulation-a type of hardware treatment that relieves muscle spasms, improves microcirculation.
  • Therapeutic diet. The diet is chosen so that the body receives vitamins, necessary trace elements.
  • Psychotherapy. Encourages one’s belief in recovery, activating the body’s internal resources.
  • Medical therapy. Taking medications.
The human spine is affected by osteochondrosis

It is better to treat osteochondrosis of the spine in a sanatorium. At home, one has trouble managing time. There is not enough time to follow instructions, it is impossible to create your own diet, stick to it. Inpatient treatment is also inappropriate - lack of orthopedic products in hospitals, devices, doctors.

Treatment in special centers, sanatoriums is provided in full. The duration of treatment is not specified. It will take from a week to a month to eliminate serious symptoms. It will take more than 3 months for recovery, disk recovery.

Many doctors from the complex of procedures prescribe medication, hardware treatment. Preparations for the treatment of spinal osteochondrosis help to overcome the exacerbation of the disease. It is desirable to take anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic, antispasmodic, antioxidant action that stimulates microcirculation, contributes to the recovery of nerves, cartilage tissue.

When treating only with drugs, they forget about the internal capabilities of the body, they treat patients without him. This is a mistake, a lack of medicine. Conservative methods can improve the patient's condition.

How else to treat osteochondrosis?

If conservative treatment is insufficient, surgery is prescribed. Sometimes just surgery will relieve the condition. The doctor removes the hernia, puts a new disc to replace the worn one. The recovery period is carried out like normal treatment.

The cost of treatment of osteochondrosis compared with cardiovascular disease, influenza. To make it cheaper, alternative treatment options are being considered. It is worth buying a device for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine, which relieves pain. The procedure can be performed at home, with the help of loved ones.

The alternative is traditional medicine. There are many recipes for ointments, herbal decoctions taken orally, in the form of compresses. Many recipes for different stages, types of diseases.

The medications themselves will worsen the patient’s condition, so you should see a doctor before taking the medication. The choice of self -treatment is to believe in the cure, follow the doctor's instructions.

Disease prevention

It is better not to find a way to treat osteochondrosis of the spine, but to prevent its occurrence. It is worth developing good habits about daily routines, nutrition. Precautions:

  • Morning massage of the back, limbs - rubbing, kneading, done independently.
  • Gymnastics, exercise. It’s worth including swing movements, turns, tilts, jumps in place, pulls up.
  • Exercise at work. If the work involves staying long in a certain position, it should be interrupted for five minutes every or two hours to do some exercise.
  • Swimming is a sport that helps solve problems with the spine.

If the disease has successfully progressed, prevention, treatment of spinal osteochondrosis should be combined, complementary.

The important thing is adherence to proper nutrition. It should contain vegetarian dishes, steamed dishes, baked in the oven. The diet should have lots of protein, not mushrooms. Spices, spices are welcome, salt and pickles are not included. It is not recommended to drink strong tea, coffee, alcohol, abuse sweet, starchy foods. It is worth eating 5-7 times a day. For a day, eat no more than 2 kg of food, one liter of water. With vitamin deficiencies, they are prescribed separately.

An active lifestyle, proper nutrition - the key to the health of the spine, body. Treatment is difficult, but will help relieve the unpleasant pain. If osteochondrosis is diagnosed, you need to change your lifestyle forever.

The article was written for the development of general education. To establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment, be sure to consult a doctor.