If you have pain in the muscles of the back, the causes are different possible. The spin of a person from the neck to the sacrum completely covered in muscles, and experiences a great physical effort. So, why the pain in the muscles of the column?
The pain and crunch in joints, with time, can cause terrible consequences - a full local or limitation of joint movements to the disability. The people, taught by a bitter experience, in order to heal the joints enjoy a means, that is recommended by the rheumatologist.
Diseases of the spinal column
They suffer 85% of the population of the Earth. Affect the vertebrae, intervertebral discs, spinal cord, trunk, back, cerebrospinal nerves, veins, arteries, capillaries, ligaments, muscles. The most frequent of the disease: osteocondrose, rheumatic disease, Spondylitis, arthritis, arthrosis, scoliosis.
The enemy of the vertebral column
Osteocondrose – a chronic disease, the spine, resulting in degenerative defeat and destruction of bone tissue, intervertebral discs, vertebrate cartilages in the joints due to:
- hereditary predisposition;
- inadequate nutrition;
- the excess weight;
- migrated from injuries;
- the sedentary life-style;
- the excess of cargo;
- stress and Dr.
Because of the transformation to the anatomical vertebral column, their pathological mobility may hurt the nerves, soft tissue, the spinal nerve roots, and vessels.Occurs pain.
- violation of posture;
- the reduction of mobility in the vertebral joints (inability to in any way straighten in 100%, the swivel head);
- reduction of skin sensitivity, numbness, tingling.
To ease the burden on modified the spine reflex of the muscle strained (compressed). With time, the constant voltage causes another muscle pain. The nature and location of the pain In one of them it affects the area of distribution:
- In the case of degenerative cervical disc disease, when compressed veins and arteries, the pain paroxysmal, burning, throbbing. The location of most of one side only – the head, the other part of the head.
- When breastfed osteocondrose, the symptomatology of which often resembles other diseases (internal organs, for example), acute pain, or of a similar nature to the myocardial infarction, or gradual, incremental, similar to pneumonia, but with the absence of cough and heat. Focuses on qui inter back, in the field of the blades and in the upper part of the abdomen.
- When lumbar osteocondrose pain in the muscles of the lumbar sudden, with shooting. Sore back muscles and anklets, with impact in the groin and in the pelvis.
The complicated of the issue, when intergrowth vertebrae, the pain diminishes or disappears.
The symptoms more
When cervical osteocondrose, in addition to the pain in the muscles and in the back and neck, the symptoms of oxygen deficiency: dizziness, nausea, migraine headaches, decreased surveillance, the sensitivity of the hands and shoulders, shortness of breath, limited mobility of the neck. In adulthood it is possible sudden loss of consciousness, the complicated variation of paresis and paralysis of the hands.
When breastfed osteocondrose cough, "with" a lump in the throat, difficulty in swallowing, slopes, raise the hand, hypertension, pain in the region of the heart.
When lumbar osteocondrose — feeling of numbness of the skin, paresis and paralysis of the feet, the men have difficulty with urination and erection, women have more menstrual disorders.
The doctor use performed the diagnosis
Due to similar with other disease symptoms, the patients go to the gp (general practitioner, cardiologist, gastroenterologist. It is a time-consuming process, it causes complications. A doctor is a neurologist.
2 method of diagnosis:
- laboratory: general and biochemical blood analysis;
- instrumental: x-ray of the spine in 2 dimensions, magnetic resonance, computed tomography, and biopsy with microscopy.
On the results of the research are chosen from the options of treatment methodologies. The treatment of degenerative disc disease If there is muscle pain in the back treatment is conservative and surgical. Conservative group:
- The medication treatment. Is assigned at the time of the crisis. Are used NSAIDS, muscle relaxants, hondoprotektory, vitamins b complex, e, F, angioprotectors, glucocorticoids, biogenic stimulants.
- Physiotherapy. Thanks to electrophoresis, acupuncture, magnetic therapy, therapy by exercise, and Dr. the process of recovery is faster.
- A spa treatment. Indeed, in the period of remission.
- The diet. In a period of crisis the need to eat in small portions 5 to 7 times during the day, eliminating fried, choosing baked and steamed food. Drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day.
When inefficacia methods become operational intervention: remove intervertebralis herniation or intervertebral disk by replacing the silicone implant (prosthesis).
Disease of the internal organs
Sometimes the muscle pain occurs in the middle of the diseases of the internal organs:
- The gastrointestinal (peptic ulcer disease gastric and duodenal perforated ulcer, pathology of the bowel);
- pancreas (chronic inflammation of the pancreas, chronic pancreatitis);
- the gallbladder (acute cholecystitis);
- the liver (cramps);
- respiratory (pneumonia, pleural effusion, bronchitis, tuberculosis);
- urinary apparatus (prostate, renal, colic), gynecological diseases (uterine fibroids, inflammation of the attachments fibroids, endometriosis);
- cardiovascular diseases (myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery disease, heart disease, aneurysm of the aorta).
Type of pain, the concentration
Disorders of the digestive tract, pancreas, gall bladder and the liver, acute pain, the location of the – tummy, on the right side, with irradirovaniem in the lower part of the back and the sternum, slightly below the scapula. When hepatic colic pain covers the right shoulder, spatula, neck, around the stomach. If you have an inflammation of the prostate pain surrounding.
Gynecological diseases and urinary appliance of pain in the muscles of the lower back. Strong abdominal pain and the genital organs, diffundit on the back, with the two sides, in the midst of the rapid urination, demonstrates the insufficiency of renal colic.
Respiratory diseases in the midst of a heat pain diffundit back, lower the blade in the chest, scelesto cough.
The pain in the back, to the left, extending to the arm and the neck, indicates pathologies of the cardiovascular system.
The symptoms related
Plagued with nausea, heartburn, vomiting, hyperhidrosis. The muscles of the abdominal wall are compressed, which makes the belly hard.
With the largest distribution of reason. You can get:
- athletes in training due to an incorrect calculation of the gravity or weight;
- children excessive mobility;
- the divers if you need to water;
- by pregnant women;
- young mothers when they picked up the child;
- when you lift weights, or high, physical activity;
- if intense movements;
- in the event of a fall, especially with the height in the back or fall on your feet and, consequently, it is possible to obtain a compression injury to the vertebrae;
- when the mechanics hits off a blunt object, pure fun and t. d.
The main symptoms: pain in the muscles of the back along the spine and place of injury, it swells. Due to a vascular lesion occurs hemorrhage into the soft tissue, appear bruising and bruising.
Type of pain, location
The damage caused by an injury to the spine leading to obtuse shed pain at the site of injury, without a clear definition of concentration. In the case of damage, leading to the rupture of the ligaments without dislocation or fracture OStIPts ontрOStкonв, acute pain, and concentrates in the area of OStIPts and cross-cutting ontрOStкonв, when a fracture in the area of the lesion of the kidneys.
The symptoms more
In the case of damage in the thoracic region — the loss of sensitivity in the extremities, ataxia, pain in the region of the heart, when the inspiration.
Who to go to for the diagnosis of
You should enter to accept the traumatologist, even if corruption seems to be negligible. The trauma may arise later.
Is carried out a visual inspection, collection history, the study of the disease is attributed to a ct scan, x-ray. After the diagnosis, the treatment later lead the neurosurgeon and semper. The recommended treatment When non-essential damage, shows the home, the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointments and gels. Gradually, the bed rest can replace small loads, taking care not to be overwhelmed.
Helmintonз, in particular echinococcosis
Necastth the reason. Echinococcosis – - Parisitарнonе the disease, caused by a stage larval tapeworm Echinococcus. The infection occurs:
- when contact with the animal carrier of helminth ova;
- during the eating contaminated with the feces of animals, fruits, vegetables, fruits;
- with the water from natural sources, containing eggs of helminths.
Spreading with the blood through the body, reaches the internal organs, forming ondнonкamернs capsules-cysts in the form of a blister Cysts can contain up to 10 litres of liquid, reach several kilograms, formed more than a year. Well developed, cysts lead to the gradual destruction of the affected organ, up to its atrophy. A cyst may cause anaphylactic shock.
The cause of muscle pain of the back more often serves as the echinococcosis of the spinal cord or of the kidneys.
The type of pain, location
The initial phase is asymptomatic. To the extent that the cysts situation is changing.
When equinococosee the spinal cord of the contractions of the bladder of a body, and the shackle of the vertebral column and the spinal cord receives surrounding acute pain, with a focus on the thoracic region, increasing at a time of vigorous movements. Spinal mobility decreases, the muscles of the back straight thicken, have the appearance of bearing, during the palpation OStIPts they contact are painful to the spine.
The symptoms related When helmintonзе of the spinal cord is felt, pain in the limbs. When equinococosee kidney quick fatigue, lack of appetite, weight loss, malaise. At a later stage will be added renal colic, the aggravation of pyelonephritis, difficulty in urinating, a violation of the mobility of the kidney, palpatetXia tumor of a round shape in the area of пonDrIberia. Doctor Many times, people are turning to allergists, tArapovtam, neurologists, infektsionistam, which does not bring relief.
The treatment is surgical intervention, the doctor is a neurosurgeon.
The main methods are:
- THE CT. Allows for the identification of neoplasms in the spinal canal.
- Myelography. Inserted in intercavernous channel of the spinal column, the contrast agent allows you to make captures (myelogram).
- An analysis of the blood . The reaction passive hemaggltInacio.
The alignment of the treatment
So what do you do if you hurt your back muscles? The treatment of the spinal canal is the removal withdavivausa shackle vertebra (лamandнэкtonмandя), the emptying of the bladder, the removal of its outer casing, the treatment of the cavity is 2.5% iodium solution, and then the salt of sodium thiosulfate.
Cysts infected kidneys remove, when necessary, undergo resection or nephrectomy. After the surgery, to avoid onбwithемененнOStand are attributed, antihistamines.
One of the most serious causes. Auto-immune мandonзandt – inflammation of the striated muscles, occurs because of the perception of an immune system of their cells of the muscle fibers by threaten the health of pathogens and the destruction of her them withonеdandнandtельнontкanнs shells. Can be affected by a muscle (the local мandonзandt) or more (пonлandмandonзandt). If the affected skin, this dErmatonмandonзandt. Auto-immune мandonзandt occurs independently and in the current scenario of system pathologies: rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma.
The main withandмпtonмаtandкonй are muscle weakness, stiffness and swelling of the muscles, muscle pain, limitation of movement – someone difficult to rise from bed, serving to yourself.
The view and location of the pain
The dull pain, non-aggressive. Is enhanced when you change the temperature, movements. In some cases completely lost. Focuses on the affected muscles.
Perhaps the local increase of the temperature. When pascebantur the muscles of the neck, difficult swallowing, muscle chest and of the diaphragm are prevented from cough, breathing.
When Dermatomyositis the epidermis is made ontecznym. Arise red-red spots or nodules, intense itching. Who to go to, how it is diagnosed Auto-immune мandonзandt diagnoses and treats medical rheumatologist. Is performed the inspection of patient, the refinement of existing complaints and the availability of system pathologies. Is assigned to electromyography.
Methods of treatmentthe Treatment includes the use of:
- steroidal anti-inflammatory hormones;
- immunosuppressive drugs, which suppress the reaction of immunity;
- extracorporeal methods of treatment – hemosorption, plasmapheresis;
When aggravation of the disease by intravenously-administered vitamins and antandtonкwithandчеwithкandе solutions. After improving the state of health usually prescribe massage therapy and physical therapy.