Osteocondrose of the spine: what is it, symptoms, and treatment

When osteocondrose of the spinal column that occurs with the destruction of the bone and the tissue of the cartilage of one or more departments of the spinal cord. This is a disease that is chronic and it is carried out in almost all of the elderly people. This is a normal aging process of the body.

Lower back pain

Intervertebral discs are exposed to atrophic changes, and what is the age at which this happens depends on many factors such as:

  • of the injury;
  • of the disease, and the overloading of the spinal column.

The overhead of the spinal column, if applicable:

  • I walk to the back;
  • the wrong seat;
  • the characteristics of the structure of the spinal column;
  • poor nutrition of the tissues of the spine due to hereditary.

When osteocondrose of the core, which is situated between the lowland for the discs, you lose some of the water. Because of this, at the core, there is a violation of the metabolic rate and makes it difficult to access the many vitamins and minerals.

After a short time in the unit, a crack appears, it becomes a plan. Welcome to the next joint, and the ligaments, thus causing inflammation of the tissues. Due to the inflammation that occurs in the displacement of the adjacent ones. It is dangerous to the advent of root symptoms: pain, movement of the nerve that is affected.

It is also possible for the emergence of intervertebral hernia, and she, in turn, can lead to compression of the spinal cord. The degenerative disc disease is characterized by the appearance of osteophytes – bone tumors, in the bodies of the vertebrae. These tumors can push on the spinal cord and the cause of the radicular syndrome.

More often than not, that osteochondrosis exposed in the cervical and lumbar areas.

The neck osteocondrose

Possible causes:

  1. sports (weight-lifting);
  2. the excess weight of every one:
  3. a violation of the metabolism;
  4. sedentary work ( programmers, accountants, drivers, and t. p.);
  5. flat feet;
  6. injuries to the spinal column;
  7. of the forum.

The symptoms of

The main symptoms of degenerative disc disease of cervical spine – severe pain in the region of the head and neck. The man-bad, with headache, pain in the neck, notdando in the hand, pain in the chest. The patient may complain of a pRnocomtconfiar the onset of a sharp pain in his neck, muscle spasm of the muscles and limitation of motion.

We could hear the grinding of the turns at the neck. Because of the crushing of the nerves and vessels in the human may occur, numbness of the tongue, and the tips of the fingers. The patient will complain about a reduction in hearing and vision, increased blood pressure, and weakening of the muscles of the hands and feet.

The chest of the osteocondrose

This is the type of degenerative disc disease is quite uncommon. This is a modern building the thoracic spine. It is made up of 12 vertebrae, which are connected with the ribs by articulations. To the front of the ribs to each other are joined to the sternum. So, you have created a great structure of the vertebral column, the sternum and the rib cage protects the internal organs from various injuries.

The vertebral bones of the chest are a little high and long, nocomtIPts them to contacts, which are placed one on top of the other like roof tiles. Due to this, the type of buildings and the division of the vertebral column, has a low mobility. The discs of the spinal column, rib cage, is rarely injured.

The causes of the formation of this type of degenerative disease in the us.

  • the irrational distribution of the load;
  • the delay in the nutrition of the intervertebral disc;
  • sedentary work;
  • the presence of scoliosis.

The symptoms of

As in the other species, and it is the leading symptom of degenerative disc disease of the chest, is the pain.

But when the nurse osteocondrose, the pain can be a different story. Backache – lasting discomfort and pain pain in the thoracic vertebrae. The pain can affect the neck and lower back.

Dorigo, one of the signs of degenerative disc disease of the chest, where the pain is in the form of a heart attack. The nature of the impact on the acute, resulting in shortness of breath, leading to the limitation of the movements of the muscle. In addition to pain, patients may occur as a sensation of numbness in the chest, the rape, the pain in the heart, kidneys, lungs and the stomach.

That it is dangerous to defeat the chest?

Your spinal column is organized in such a way that it is in the chest and he fell, and therefore, the hernias that occur due to a degenerative disease of the disc, it will take the pressure off of the spinal cord. It is easily to lead to problems with the heart, the pancreas, the liver, and the kidneys, because the chest of the department, associated with all of these bodies the fibres of the optic nerve. It is for this reason that it is a very important time to consult with your doctor. It will help you to find out who it was harassing him for signs of a degenerative disease of the disk, and make the appropriate cure from the disease.

Lower back osteocondrose

Osteocondrose of the lumbar spine is due to an increase in severity. The standard is in the center of the entrepnoestenonnohnnogno unit is a group containing a large quantity of water. Using the liquid oxygen, the core becomes slightly compressible, and so the disruption is going to need for the compression of 500 kg.

However, it is affected nocomtenoxnongRnoznom the disk becomes weak, and its rupture only needs about 200 pounds. If a person weighing 70 kg will increase to 15 kg of load on the pnoLoucomnognhavetnom position, and the lumbar spine, it's a load of 200 kg, a — entrepnoestenonnohnth the disc, it may break down. It is for this reason that the first symptoms of the degenerative disc disease of the spine manifested during the movement of the gravity.

The symptoms of

  • the pain in your lower back;
  • the failure of the movement in the lumbar spine;
  • the sleep disorder;
  • irritability;
  • the onset of fatigue;
  • the impossibility of the implementation of the household;
  • the decrease of the sexual function in men.
  • the violation of the menstrual cycle;
  • the syndrome of "cold feet".

When the transition is from degenerative disc disease in the CrestTSnoalvo the area, and the patient gets pain in the region of the kidneys, and is a violation of urination.

The diagnosis

In the treatment of degenerative disc disease remains the doctor-the neurologist. To begin with, it is the inspection of the vertebral column, draws attention to the presence of scoliosis. After you have a feeling your doctor will be able to figure out how to impressed with your spinal column, tendons, ligaments, and nerves.

After the neurologist, I suspect osteocondrose of the spinal column, it will refer the patient to an examination for life. Here is a step-by-step in the radiographic examination, magnetic resonance imaging. If there is suspicion of destruction of entrepnoestenonnohnnogno of the disk is held in the discography. It is also prescribed in order to determine the extent of the injury to the nerve pathways.

Generally, the diagnosis of osteocondrose from the spine put up, very difficult. After all, a person can enjoy pain in the heart, liver, kidney, pancreas, or sexual dysfunction. But in the end, if the review of an experienced physician is able to suspect the disease and to give the correct treatment.


In the treatment of degenerative disc disease is a very long and difficult process. In the acute period, in a patient in need of peace and a victim of the industry. If, at the handle, to the neck department, then the patient should make use of a clamp to the collar of the Trench. If the pain in the lumbar region the patient is in need of a rest. The best way is to put the patient in the hospital. There, he will be able to carry out the assigned mode. Bed for a patient, it must be a difficult task. To do so, under the mattress, put on the shield of the wood.

Medical treatment

As it was mentioned above, the main symptom of this disease is the pain. Thus, the patient in order to reduce the pain and other symptoms of degenerative disc disease are attributed to prescription painkillers.

They are also assigned to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Unfortunately, prolonged intake of these drugs call for the defeat of the mucous membrane of the gastro-intestinal tract, and the patient presents the following symptoms:

  • and nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • the pain in the stomach;
  • feeling of heaviness in the stomach.

It can also be aggravated an ulcer in your stomach, or get your stomach bleeding. Therefore, prior to the use of these drugs, you should consult with your doctor. If the pain is caused by osteochondrosis, it lasts over 3 months, along with the drugs that are assigned to the anti-depressants. It was found that, in addition to a smooth action, they are able to help ease the pain.

All of the medicines that can be given to symptomatic therapy. They also help to relieve the pain, but it is not to get rid of a person's illness, in and of itself.

To restore the intervertebral disc and cartilage are attributed to chondroprotectors. These drugs improve the metabolism of the connective tissue, and promote healing of the articular cartilage. The drug is taken for a long period of time, on average, between 4 and 6 months old.

In addition to the recovery of the tissues and improve the metabolism of the of them, for these drugs have analgesic action. In a group of drugs that are required to osteocondrose of the spinal column, are drugs that improve the circulation of the blood. It is conducive to the expansion of blood vessels and in the complexo da maré them to take the medicines, anti-oxidants, then that person is going to improve the metabolism of the cells of the nervous system.

As with any illness, the patient needed the medications of calcium. It will restore the activity of the bone, increasing the strength of ligaments and tendons, and also in the prevention of osteoporosis – a disease that comes with osteochondrosis.

Exercise with a cushion under the lower part of the back

Therapeutic exercise

Dosed load on your spine, you will improve the condition of the patient. But the exercises take a lot of care. In the acute setting, a period for physical education classes that are counter-indicated. Only fell the pain, you can begin to practice a little bit of everything.

Exercise improves the circulation of blood on the spine, strengthens the muscles. Due to the flow of blood, improves the metabolism, and it will start the recovery of corrupted or damaged intervertebral disc. But you have to remember that all instruction should be carried out regularly, otherwise the result will be.

Exercises for cervical disease

  1. Lie down on your back and straighten out. Place one hand on belly and one on your chest and back, the breathing, the delay to the breathing for about 10 minutes, and then, exhale, and relax. For the duration of the exercise for 3 to 5 minutes. On the day, you will have to perform a 3-5-fold.
  2. Lie down on your stomach and straighten the legs. Based in the belly, and the legs have to lift the head and upper part of the chest. The exercise is done for 3 to 5 minutes, at 30-second intervals.
  3. Lie down on your back and bend your knees. In this position, turn to the right and to the left. The exercise is done for 3 to 5 minutes, at 30-second intervals.

Exercises to lose rib cage

  1. Lie down on your stomach. Rest your hands on the floor and bend the back. Hold this position for 5 to 10 seconds. The exercise is done for 3 to 5 minutes, with an interval of 20 seconds.
  2. Lie down on your back. Hold your head up and your feet (the"vessel"). Hold the position for 10 to 20 seconds. The exercise is done for 3 to 5 minutes, with an interval of 20 seconds.

The exercises with the defeat of the lumbar spine

  1. Lie down on your back, bend your knees and press your chest. Rocked back and forth, and rolling around in the back to the sacrum and to the back. Swing for up to 2 minutes. Then, you have to quietly lie down and relax.
  2. It is necessary to be on hands and knees, and bend backward as much as possible. The exercise is done for 3 to 5 minutes, with an interval of 20 seconds.
  3. In the standing position, imagine that you spin the wheel for up to 2 to 3 minutes. The exercise which will take place from the 10-times-a-day.

Surgical treatment

In the absence of an effect of conservative treatment and development of complications of degenerative disease of the disk, it is assigned to an immediate treatment. During the operation, carry out the stabilization of the spine, eliminating pressure on the spinal cord and the nerve roots. If a person is in an intervertebral disc hernia is to steer clear of. Just like when you are performing this operation may result in damage to the spinal cord and the nerves, the passing of only the vital information.

Physical therapy

The assignment of the physical therapy procedures to positively impact the course of a disease and to speed up the process of recovery. When the osteocondrose it may do the following:

  • a visit to the sauna or bathing;
  • the swim is in a swimming pool;
  • the type of massage;
  • paraffin wax;
  • the chiropractic treatment;
  • laser therapy;
  • a variety of baths,
  • mud therapy;
  • the gel electrophoresis with anti-inflammatory drugs, means and / or muscle relaxants;
  • the magnetic therapy;
  • D 'arsonval.

All of these procedures is to improve the circulation of blood in the diseased area, enables you to relax your muscles and achieve relaxation of the whole body. Physical therapy treatments are given in a period of rehabilitation for patients who don't feel pain.


The degenerative disc disease, no one is safe. After all, we all get older and we grow older and the entire body. So that an illness does not ruin your plans, it needs more young people to participate in sports. The price of the physical load helps to improve the circulation of the blood, the normal metabolism. In addition to this, you train the muscles that protect your spine. For the prevention of degenerative disc disease, each person should to:

  1. eating the necessary vitamins and minerals to the body.
  2. leave out the bad ones.
  3. the practice of physical;
  4. don't slouch;
  5. enhance the rear portion of the forum;
  6. don't lift too many heavy objects;
  7. and take a shower of sensations, and mild;
  8. to avoid the stress.

People who suffer from this disease, it is especially important to follow all of the recommendations, because failure will mean a problems. When you are prompted for the pain in the back, the long pass, you need the help of an expert. Only a doctor can provide a diagnosis and treatment.

Do not over-tighten, with the visits to the health facilities, after all, is better than to cure the disease in its early stages. Also, it's not worth the risk of self-medication – is any drug has its indications and contra-indications, what-you may not be aware of. Comply with all recommendations of the doctor, and then the disease soon returned!